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Essex Fells, Fairfield, North Caldwell, and Roseland

In 1702, a tract of land known as “Horseneck” was purchased by descendants of the Puritans from the Hackensack Indians for 130 pounds. The area, which consisted of over 13,500 acres of land, was located on the second Watchung Mountain from New York City. With conflicts between the Native American deeds and the grants from the East Jersey Proprietors who represented the Crown, land disputes ensued and resulted in the “Horseneck Riots” in 1744. These riots occurred when a prominent Horseneck farmer, Samuel Baldwin, was arrested and thrown into the Newark Jail. Within a few hours, 300 angry Horseneck farmers marched into the jail and freed him. This represented the first successful resistance against British tyranny, more than 30 years before Lexington and Concord.


From this territory and from these early settlers were born the four communities of West Essex—Essex Fells, Fairfield, North Caldwell, and Roseland. From the Dutch origins of Fairfield to the planned suburban development of Essex Fells to the farms and estates of North Caldwell and Roseland,


West Essex provides a photographic glimpse of the area, featuring over 200 images, many of which have never before been published. The impact of several important individuals is also noted, including Peter Van Ness, Willis H. Carrier, Madame Ernestine Schumann-Heink, and Henry Becker.

West Essex: About


West Essex: Price List
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